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International Treaties

The following Treaties are directly related to UXO/Mine Action and have a direct influence on the Sector

- The Convention on Cluster Munitions
- The Anti-Personel Mine Ban Treaty
  - The Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons
  - The Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities

The Convention on Cluster Munitions

Purpose: comprehensively bans the use and stockpiling of cluster munitions that cause unacceptable harm to civilians and secure adequate provision of care and rehabilitation to survivors and clearance of contaminated areas

Of primary importance to the UXO/Mine Action Sector in Laos is the Convention on Cluster Munitions. This Convention was opened for signature on December 8th, 2008, in Oslo Norway. It was the culmination of two years of international negotiations, of which Laos played a leading role as one of the most heavily affected countries in the world. The Lao PDR has since ratified the Convention and deposited the ratification instrument at UN Headquarters making it a full party to the Treaty.
In addition, Lao PDR has offered, and has international agreement, to host the First Meeting of Member States Parties to the Convention. This is scheduled to happen no later than six months after the triggering into force upon the 30th ratification being received at the UN. This occurred in early 2010, and it will become international law on August 1 2010. The First Meeting of Member States is tentatively scheduled for late 2010.

The full text and more information on the Convention on Clustere Munitions can be found here.

The Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Treaty

Purpose: comprehensively bans the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines

Laos is not yet a signatory to this Treaty, commonly known as the Ottawa Convention. Despite AP Mines not being the major problem in the Lao PDR, the Government has expressed its willingness to sign the Convention at some point, and has voted for universalisation of Ottawa at previous States Parties Meetings. In the interim, a voluntary transparency report that will effectively deliver all the reporting and transparency requirements of the official Treaty, is currently being considered for production.

The full text and more information on the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Treaty can be found here.

The Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons

Purpose: seeks to prohibit or restrict the use of certain conventional weapons, which are considered excessively injurous or whose effects are indiscriminate.

Laos has signed this Convention and its additional Protocol, and deposited the instrument of Accession on January 3, 1983. This Convention is already international law and Laos has been active in reporting and meeting its obligations.

The full text and more information on the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons can be found here.


The Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities

Purpose: to promote, protect and ensure the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by all persons with disabilities, and to promote respect for their inherent dignity

Laos signed the Convention on January 15th, 2008 and deposited its instrument of ratification on September 25th, 2009. This Convention has significant implications, particularly for the Victim Assistance side of UXO activities.

The full text and more information on the Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities can be found here.

Additional Resources

One page FAQ Summary sheets on each of these Conventions can also be found in the resource section of the NRA website here.