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International TreatiesThe following Treaties are directly related to UXO/Mine Action and have a direct influence on the Sector
The Convention on Cluster Munitions
Purpose: comprehensively bans the use and stockpiling of cluster munitions that cause unacceptable harm to civilians and secure adequate provision of care and rehabilitation to survivors and clearance of contaminated areas
Of primary importance to the UXO/Mine Action Sector in Laos is the Convention on Cluster Munitions. This Convention was opened for signature on December 8th, 2008, in Oslo Norway. It was the culmination of two years of international negotiations, of which Laos played a leading role as one of the most heavily affected countries in the world. The Lao PDR has since ratified the Convention and deposited the ratification instrument at UN Headquarters making it a full party to the Treaty.
The full text and more information on the Convention on Clustere Munitions can be found here.
The Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Treaty
Purpose: comprehensively bans the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines
Laos is not yet a signatory to this Treaty, commonly known as the Ottawa Convention. Despite AP Mines not being the major problem in the Lao PDR, the Government has expressed its willingness to sign the Convention at some point, and has voted for universalisation of Ottawa at previous States Parties Meetings. In the interim, a voluntary transparency report that will effectively deliver all the reporting and transparency requirements of the official Treaty, is currently being considered for production.
The full text and more information on the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Treaty can be found here.
The Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons
Purpose: seeks to prohibit or restrict the use of certain conventional weapons, which are considered excessively injurous or whose effects are indiscriminate.
Laos has signed this Convention and its additional Protocol, and deposited the instrument of Accession on January 3, 1983. This Convention is already international law and Laos has been active in reporting and meeting its obligations.
The full text and more information on the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons can be found here.
Purpose: to promote, protect and ensure the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by all persons with disabilities, and to promote respect for their inherent dignity